Applications and Challenges of IoT

The present topic provides the applications and challenges of Internet of Things. Especially, IoT solutions are widely used in numerous companies across industries. Some most common IoT applications are listed below.

Table 1: Most common IoT applications
Application type
1. Smart Home
Smart home encapsulates the connectivity inside your homes. It includes smoke detectors, home appliances, light bulbs, windows, door locks, etc.
2. Driver-less CarsIoT helps automobile companies to build Driver-less cars ensuring that they can navigate the world safely. Things like wireless connectivity, proximity sensors and rain sensors will be necessary to let these vehicles adapt to changing road conditions.
3. Smart CitySmart city offers all types of use cases which include traffic management to water distribution, waste management, etc.
4. Smart OutletsRemotely turn any device on or off. It also allows you to track a device’s energy level and get custom notifications directly into your smartphone.
5. Parking SensorsIoT technology helps users to identify the real-time availability of parking spaces on their phone.
6. Connect HealthThe concept of a connected health care system facilitates real-time health monitoring and patient care. It helps in improved medical decision-making based on patient data.
7. Activity Trackers
It helps you to capture heart rate pattern, calorie expenditure, activity levels, and skin temperature on your wrist.
8. Smart ThermostatsIt helps you to save resource on heating bills by knowing your usage patterns.
9. Smart supply chainIt helps you in real time tracking of goods while they are on the road, or getting suppliers to exchange inventory information.


Challenges of IoT:

At present IoT is faced with many challenges, such as:

  • Insufficient testing and updating
  • Concern regarding data security and privacy
  • Software complexity
  • Data volumes and interpretation
  • Integration with AI and automation
  • Devices require a constant power supply which is difficult
  • Interaction and short-range communication